In the first phase, with immediate effect, emergency management agreements will be concluded with existing passenger franchise owners in the Department of Transportation. These ERMAs are expected to last six to eighteen months and replace the six-month emergency emergency agreements concluded in March to ensure continuity of operations in the event of a pipe failure due to the coronavirus pandemic. These rail franchise agreements are published in accordance with the Freedom of Information Act 2000. Franchise agreements are published by the Secretary of State in accordance with the exceptions authorized by the Freedom of Information Act 2000. In 2014, DfT has been reorganized, with the responsibility for franchising in the rail trade part of the new passenger rail services office, under the direction of an out-of-attendance chief, with orPS itself part of a new Rail Executive within the DfT.  The Southeastern franchise will continue to operate as part of its EMA until October 2021 or March 2022 if extended. Williams said the ERMAs “represent the end of the complex franchising system, require more private sector expertise and expertise, and ensure that passengers return to a more punctual and coordinated railway.” Although temporary, the measures nevertheless indicate the definitive end of the complex british railway franchise system, which was probably already abolished by Williams` government review. The RMT union said the agreements would only “resuscitate the corpse” of privatization. General Secretary Mick Cash said: “Covid-19 has proven that private railways are a waste of time and money and have no place in a railway suitable for the future. It`s time to cut out the middleman.Â In October 2000, following passenger complaints, SRA announced that Connex would lose its contract to operate the SouthCentral Network franchise when the SouthCentral Network franchise expired in 2003, which it operated through its Connex South Central TOC. After announcing that the new operator (from 2003) would be Southern, a subsidiary of Govia, South Central TOC was sold to Govia in 2001 in order to end its participation at an early stage and reduce its losses.
In November 2003, Connex was deprived of its only other British railway company, Connex South Eastern TOC, which ran the South Eastern franchise, eight years before the company expired due to financial mismanagement. It has been replaced by a new public OCD, South Eastern Trains. The franchise was eventually returned to the private sector by Re-Tender, who then sold it to Southeastern TOC in April 2006 as part of the new Integrated Kent franchise.  National Express was the winner of most franchises with five franchises (Gatwick Express, Midland Mainline, North London, Central Trains and ScotRail). Prism Rail followed with four (LTS, Wales-West, Valley Lines and WAGN). Connex, Virgin Rail Group and MTL have won two each, with the franchises they have won being closely linked (South Central and South Eastern for Connex, CrossCountry and West Coast for Virgin and Mersey Electrics and North East for MTL). Stagecoach also won two, although the second was the tiny Island Line, which would eventually merge with its jackpot, South West Trains. Great Western Holdings also won two, on opposite sides of the country – Great Western and North Western; FirstGroup, which had won only one franchise at Great Eastern, was a minority partner at GWH.
Their purchase from GWH`s other partners in March 1998 brought their total to three.  Franchise agreements published on GOV.UK may not be the most up-to-date documents held by the department. Emergency restoration contracts will allow the railways to operate during the pandemic, while the industry is moving toward a long-term overhaul, what the government has described as the biggest network disruption in a quarter of a century.