The fifth advantage is in emerging countries. Bilateral trade agreements tend to favour the country with the best economy. This penalizes the weaker nation. But strengthening emerging markets helps the developed economy over time. Bilateral agreements exist between two nations at the same time, giving them preferential trade status. The objectives of the bilateral agreement are the same as a multilateral agreement, except between two countries that negotiated the agreement. There are no multilateral agreements whose main objective is to regulate marine pollutants in the air, but these pollutants fall within the general scope of several regional agreements dealing with a wide range of sources of marine pollution. Of these, only the Baltic Sea, North-East Atlantic and Mediterranean agreements include specific regulatory measures. In addition, the 1979 Geneva Convention on Long-Distance Cross-Border Air Pollution provides for detailed regulation of emissions of many air pollutants emitted by participating countries in the Northern Hemisphere. Although not directly aimed at marine pollution, the Geneva Convention is likely to offer indirect benefits to the marine environment.
Article 8 of the Convention (bilateral and multilateral cooperation) states that “contracting parties may pursue or conclude existing bilateral or multilateral agreements or other arrangements that meet their obligations under this Convention. These agreements or other agreements may be based on the elements listed in Appendix VI” (elements relating to bilateral and multilateral cooperation). They do not have as much impact on economic growth as a multilateral agreement. The EU`s food industry`s access to external markets also depends on trade agreements and international negotiations, particularly those of the World Trade Organisation (WTO). Those that are part of IUCN Parks` processes are unevenly distributed around the world, based on historical accidents rather than the values of certain resources. But this imbalance is gradually being resolved. Pacific Island States, for example, have developed national biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs), as advocated by the Convention on Biological Diversity. They define biodiversity needs in each country and identify a number of priority areas where IUCN expertise could be useful. In particular, a transfer of expertise from Australia and New Zealand, which IUCN says are the world`s leading environmental management best practices. Both countries also have active non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that are strongly committed to environmental organization (NGOs) and which, in general, offer a high level of expertise. Bilateral Agreement between Germany and Poland, April 2006 (in force 6 July 2007) Description of a framework agreement between Italy and Croatia On that date, WTO members are engaged in a round of multilateral negotiations, the Doha Development Agenda. Negotiations are currently stagnating; the four main players in the food trade (Brazil, the EU, India and the United States) have held discussions but have not yet reached an agreement.